How to Make Soap

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How to Make Bath Bombs!

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Bath Bomb Cup Cakes!

*Note: This recipe includes SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate) which is a skin irritant to some people.

Herby Facial Care

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Whatever your skin type, be it normal, dry or  oily, you need a regular routine to help give your complexion a fresh, healthy glow. Follow a daily programme of proper cleansing, toning and moisturising, and treat your skin to  weekly or monthly facials. Don’t forget to also maintain a good healthy balanced diet, and drink at least 8 glasses of water daily, also try to cut down on caffeine and alcohol.

 

 

Herbs & Essential Oils for Specific Skin Types

  • Dry skin type, Essential Oils: Chamomile, neroli, palmarosa, rose, sandalwood
  • Normal skin type, Herbs: Elderflower, marigold, marsh mallow, rose
  • Normal skin type, Essential Oils: Geranium, lavender, palmarosa, rose
  • Oily skin type, Herbs: Elderflower, lemongrass, witch hazel, yarrow
  • Oily skin type, Essential Oils: Cedarwood, cypress, lemon, orange, patcholi, vetiver
  • Combination skin type, Herbs: Elderflower, lavender, rose
  • Combination skin type, Essential Oils: Bergamot, geranium, lavender, ylang ylang
  • Problem skin type, Herbs: Comfrey, elderflower, eucalyptus, marigold, yarrow
  • Problem skin type, Essential Oils: Bergamot, grapefruit, juniper, lavender, tea tree
  • Sensitive skin type, Herbs: Chamomile, chickweed, comfrey, marsh mallow
  • Sensitive skin type, Essential Oils: Chamomile, lavender, Roman chamomile, rose
  • Mature skin type, Herbs: Comfrey, marigold, marsh mallow, rose
  • Mature skin type, Essential Oils: Lavender, myrrh, neroli, frankincense, palmarosa, rose

Herbs For Facial Steams

  • To remove impurities: Fennel, lime blosso, nettle
  • To boost circulation: Nettle, rosemary
  • For soothing & gentle cleansing: Applemint chamomile, chervil, lavender, lemobalm, rose petals, spearmint, thyme
  • For healing: Comfrey (roots & leaves) fennel
  • Oily skin type: Calendula flowers, geranium (herb-robert) horsetail, crushed lupin seeds, sage, yarrow
  • Dry, sensitive skin type: Borage, cornflower, houseleek, lady’s mantle, marsh mallow (roots & leaves) parsley, salad burnet, sorrel, sweet violet (flowers & leaves)
  • Mature or sallow skin types: Dandelion, elderflowers, lemon verbena, red clover (flowers & leaves) tansy (flowers & leaves)

A facial steam provides a thorough and deep cleansing and is easy and inexpensive. The heat causes you to perspire which aids the elimination of toxins as wel as stimulating circulation. Steam is a good skin softener, and also opens pores, helping the skin to absorb the beneficial properties of the herbs.

 

How often should you steam your face?

  • Normal Skin: Once per week
  • Oily Skin: 2-3 times per week
  • Dry Skin: Once every 2 weeks.

Do NOT have a facial steam if you have thread veins, serious skin disorders, asthma, other breathing difficulties or heart problems.

Preparing a facial steam (sauna) is very simple. Tie your hair back, remove make up and clean your face the normal way. Take 2 handfuls of fresh herbs, or 3 tbsp (45 ml) of dried herbs, place the herbs in a bowl and pour over 3 pints (1 ½ litres) of boiling water, stir briefly with a wooden spoon or chop stick. Hold your face 12 inches (30 cm) away – or 18 inches (45 cm) if you have sensitive skin, and make a tent over your head and the bowl with a towel. Keep your eyes closed and maintain this position for 10-15 minutes. Rinse with tepid water for a few minutes and then splash with cold water or witch hazel.

A diluted herbal vinegar or infusion of elderflower, peppermint, sage or yarrow dabbed on with cotton wool will tighten your pores. Avoid strong changes in temperature, and don’t go out for at least an hour.

Don’t throw your herbs from the steam into the bin, instead bury them in the garden. This is a compost, but also it is returning the herbs back to where they came from! It is a lovely gesture of give and take within Universal law.

Face Packs & Masks for Normal Skin Type:


  • 2 tsp plain whole-milk yogurt
  • ½ tsp cosmetic clay
  • 2 drops lavender essential oil
  • 1 drop geranium essential oil

Combine all the ingredients together, mixing well into a paste. Smooth onto clean skin avoiding the eye area. Relax for 15 minuets then rinse with warm water.

 

 

Honey & Lavender Face Mask for Normal Skin Type:

  • 1 tbsp raw honey
  • 3 drops lavender essential oil

Mix together well, dampen your face and neck with warm water and smooth on the honey and lavender mixture. Relax for 15 minuets then rinse off with warm water.

Face packs & Masks for Dry Skin types:

  • Avacado Mask
  • ½ ripe avacado
  • 1 tsp plain whole-milk yogurt

Mash the avacado and combine with the yogurt, mix thoroughly and apply to clean skin. Relax for 15 minuets before rinsing off with warm water.

Aromatherapy Mask for Dry Skin Types:

  • 2 tsp plain whole-milk yogurt
  • ½ tsp jojoba oil
  • ½ tsp cosmetic clay
  • 2 drops sandalwood essential oil
  • 1 drop rose essential oil

Mix all the ingredients together and apply apply to clean skin. After 15 minuets of relaxing, rinse off with warm water.

Face Packs & Masks for Oily Skin Type:


  • 1 tsp plain whole-milk yogurt
  • 1 tsp finely chopped cucumber pulp
  • 2 tsp cosmetic clay
  • 2 drops lavender essential oil
  • 1 drop juniper essential oil

Mix all the ingredients together thoroughly. Smooth on the mask and relax for 15 minuets then rinse with warm water.

Apple & Cinnamon Mask

This is an anti-septic mask!

  • 1 ripe apple, peeled and grated
  • ½ tsp single cream
  • 1 tsp honey
  • 1 tbsp ground oats
  • ½ tsp ground cinnamon

Combine all the ingredients in a bowl and mash it into a paste. Apply and relax for 1o inuets then rinse off with warm water!

Cosmetic Clays

Fullers earth is a clay which is very absorbing and excellent for drawing out inpurities frm the skin. You can use it instead of talcum powder!

 

 

 

Kaolin is a white powdery clay, also known as China clay. This also hase excellent absorbing qualities and is used in face powder and clay masks.

 

 

Herbs for Face Packs

  • For Normal Skin Types: Fennel, juniper berries, lady’s mantle, lime flowers, mint, nettle
  • For Dry Skin Types: Comfrey, houseleek, marsh mallow, pounded flax seed (which contain a softening mucilage)
  • For Oily Skin Types: sage, yarrow: 2 tbsp (30 ml) of pounded fennel seed to exfoliate dead skin and refine pores.

Non Herbal Ingredients for Face packs

Milk products have softening and mild bleaching properties. Substitute 1 tbsp (15 ml) of the herbal infusion for 1 tbsp (15 ml) of creamy milk, or sour cream for dry skin, or yogurt or buttermilk for oily skin.

 

Add 1 tsp (5ml) honey for its healing properties

A few drops of lemon juice or cider viegar help to restore the skin’s acid mantle.

Eggs are an excellent binding agent. Add an egg yolk for dry skin and a beaten egg white for oily skin.

Mashed cucumber, strawberries, tomatoes, lemon juice and grapefruit juice are all good astringents. Avacado and ripe peach are moisturisers.

This is just a few, there is an endless list of yummies to add for face packs.. bananas, apples, almonds to name only a few more!


Cleansers

Cleansing a big part of creating and maintaining  healthy skin, and should be part of your daily routine, once of twice per day. Most commercial soaps are generally too harsh for facial skin, stripping away natural oils and causing dryness. A good cleaner should be gentle yet effective in removing dirt, excess sebum and the grime of pollution from our environment. Wearing make-up can clog up pores and prevent your skin from breathing, cleansing away all your make-up before going to bed should be an important part of your nightly routine.

Strawberry Smoothie Cleanser

This is good enough to eat!

  • 1 fresh strawberry
  • 1 tbsp plain whole-milk yogurt
  • 1 drop of lavender essential oil

Mash up the strawberry and mix the juice well into the yogurt, then add the lavender essential oil and mix again well combining all the ingredients.  Dampen your face with a little warm water then massage the mixture into your skin well. Rinse with warm water.

Herbal Cleansing Milk

  • 125ml (4fl oz) plain low fat yogurt
  • 125ml (4fl oz) water
  • 2 tbsp dried lavender
  • 1 tbsp dried peppermint

Mix all the ingredients together in pint sized glass jar and steep overnight in the refrigerator. Strain and rebottle. Dampen your skin with a little warm water, then gently wipe the milk cleanser onto your face using a cotton wool ball. Repeat until your skin is clean, then rinse with warm water, apply toner and moisturiser. This mixture will keep for about 1 week if kept in the refrigerator.

Rose & Glycerine Cleanser

This is very good for dry and sensitive skin types.

125ml rose water

125ml vegetable glycerine

2 drops rose essential oil

Add all the ingredients to a bottle,  and give it a good shake. Dampen your skin with a little warm water then gently massage the lotion in with your fingertips. Rinse with warm water.

Neroli Cleansing Cream

An excellent cleanser for mature skin.

  • 2 tbsp jojoba oil
  • 1 tbsp almond oil
  • 1 tbsp coconut oil
  • 1 tbasp grated beeswax
  • 1 400-IU capule vitamin E oil
  • 4 tbsp rose water
  • 3 drops neroli essential oil
  • 3 drops palmarosa essential oil
  • 3 drops grapefruit seed extract

Warm the jojoba, almond and coconut oils with bees wax over a low heat until all the wax has melted. Remove from heat and add the vitamin E capsule. Warm the rose water over a low heat until luke warm, then gently pour the liquid into the wax and oil mixture (also luke warm) as you are pouring beat it steadily with a wire whisk or an electric blender set on the lowest setting. Do this until the mixture is cool, then add the essential oils and grapefruit seed extract stirring in gently. Spoon into a clean jar and leave to cool before adding the lid. Apply the cream sparingly to your skin then wipe off with damp cotton wool, rinse your face with warm water then tone. and moisturise. Keep this cream in a cool place.

Grapefruit & Lemon Cleanser

  • 60ml (2fl oz) distilledwitch hazel
  • 60ml (2fl oz) vegetable glycerine
  • 60ml (2fl oz) aloe vera gel
  • 1 tbsp apple cider vinegar
  • 5 drops grapefruit essential oil
  • 2drops lemon essential oil

Mix the ingredients in a bottle shaking well to combine. Dampen your skin with warm water and gently massage in the cleanser. Rinsewith warm water.

Indian Face Balm

  • 1 tbsp peach kernal oil
  • 1 tbsp wheatgerm oil
  • 3 drops jasmine essential oil
  • 1 drop basil essential oil

Blend all the ingredients together and massage into skin. Avoid during pregnancy & if you have sensitive skin a patch test is advised for the basil essential oil.


Herby Bath and Body Care

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A lovely aromatic herbal bath is defiantly one of the most pleasurable and therapeutic ways to cleanse our bodies. Herbs can invigorate and stimulate circulation, or relax and soothe aching bones and muscles, unwinding the body ready for a peaceful night’s sleep.  Always try to keep the water temperature in your bath around body heat, as hot water will cause you to perspire and not absorb any of the natural therapeutic herbal properties. Try to relax for at least 10 minutes.

Therapeutic Bath Herbs:

  1. Relaxing: Chamomile, lime flowers, hops, meadowsweet, jasmine, valerian
  2. Stimulating: Basil, bay, eucalyptus, fennel, ivy, lavender, lemon balm, lemon verbena, mint, pennyroyal, pine, rosemary, sage, tansy, thyme
  3. Healing: Calendula, comfrey, houseleek, lady’s mantle, spearmint, yarrow
  4. Spring Tonic: Blackberry leaves, dandelion, lawn daisies, nettle

Herbal bath bags

You can make your own bath bag very easily and it can be used over and over again!

You will need:

  • 1 square of loose weave, natural, unbleached cotton cloth or muslin (cheesecloth) measuring about 45 x 45 cm (18 x 18 inches)
  • 60 cm (2ft) of ribbon

Cut the ribbon into 4 pieces and sew a loop on each of the four corners of the square cotton. That’s it! Now you are ready to fill it with your favourite herbs and oats!

Oats are an excellent skin cleanser and have a balanced pH for sensitive skins, or when skin conditions such as eczema make it impossible to use manufactured creams and soaps. Making your own ‘natural’ skin care products is not only fun but also very therapeutic!

Oat Bath

This is a filling for your hand made bath bag!

  • 1 cup (3 oz) oats
  • 2 tsp or your favourite herb

Hang the loops of the cloth bag over the taps so that as you draw your bat the water will run freely through the bag, filling your bath with fragrant and softened water. You can add other herbs to the bag also, to give a different fragrance of to make a therapeutic soak. You can also use the bag like a sponge, rubbing it over your body and allowing your skin to absorb the creamy oat milk that seeps from the cloth. This leaves your skin silky smooth with polished skin. Afterwards,throw away the oats and wash the cloth for the next time!

Honey & Orange Body Scrub

An excellent exfoliation scrub for dry skin!

  • 1 tbsp (10g) kaolin
  • 2 tbsp (30g) ground rice
  • 1 tsp (5ml) clear honey (warmed)
  • 1 tsp (5 ml) orange flower water or orange blossom infusion
  • 1 drop orange essential oil
  • 1 drop geranium essential oil
  • 1 drop of juniper essential oil

pound the aolin and ground rice together in a pestle and mortar. Add the orange flower water (or infusion) and warmed honey and mix thoroughly until fully combined. Add the essential oils and again mix thoroughly.

To use, mix with a small amount of water on the palm of your hand and massage lightly into the skin with small circular movements. Rinse off with warm water. This will keep for upto 2 months.

Oat & Bran Scrub

Oats are very cleansing, and bran actively penetrates the pores of skin, removing deeply ingrained dirt and grease. For skin that tends to be oily, use crushed aduki beans and oatmeal. Ground almonds can be added for a more nourishing effect.


  • 4 tbsp (20g) bran
  • 4 tbsp (40g) oats

Place the bran and oats in a muslin (cheesecloth) bag and hang it from the tap so that the water runs through the bag. Use like a sponge and rub your skin with the bag, paying attention to dry hard skin.

Body Splash

This is a delicious body splash/spray that will keep you smelling gorgeous!


  • 5 tbsp (80 ml) distilled water
  • 2 tsp (10 ml) aloe vera
  • 1 tsp (5 mil) orange flower water
  • 2 drops patchouli essential oil
  • 1 drop geranium essential oil

Combine all the ingredients together and store in a 100ml/3fl oz bottle. It will keep for up to 2 months. Apply with an atomizer, shake well before use.


Exotic salt Bath Scrub

One of my personal favourites, I have made this many times over the years! The skin has a balanced microflora so it is best to not use this scrub too often, but a whole body scrub is a good spring ritual… it improves dead skin cells, clears pores and tones blood circulation to the skin.

  • 1 tbsp bicarbonate soad
  • 5 drops ofyour chosen essential oil (I like lemongrass)
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 tsp good oil such as sweet almond
  • 100g (4 oz) of sea salt

Stir the bicarbonate soda, essential oil, lemon juice and the oil together, then blend in the sea salt. Rub all over, rinse with cold water, let it dissolve in the bath water towel dry and wrap up warm.

Crackling Crystal bath

  • 6 tbsp baking soda
  • 4 tbsp citric acid crystals
  • 1 tbsp cornflower
  • 1 drop ginger essential oil
  • 8 drops frankincense essential oil

Combine the baking soda, cornflower and citric acid in a large clean dry bowl. Sprinkle into your bath and add the essential oils.. swish the water and enjoy your bath!





Herby Hair Care

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The first step to having healthy, strong and shiny hair is a good nutrient rich balanced diet combined with an effective cleansing and conditioning routine.
Hair ‘types’ are usually divided into four categories:Dry, Greasy, Normal and ProblemHowever, herbal trichologists believe that all hair is normal and that problems should first be dealt with by looking holistically at a person, which means looking at their ‘lifestyle’
Too many spicy foods, fats and sugars can be the cause of greasy hair, and synthetic shampoos can create dry hair. Stress, hormonal changes,lack of sleep, too much sun, chemical hair treatments, rinses and dyes all cause hair problems too. It is always better to opt fora shampoo that is free from Parabens and SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate)

Hair Types: The Best Herbs and Essential Oil

1a) Dry Hair: Herbs… Burdock root, comfrey, elderflowers, marsh mallow, parsley, sage, stinging nettle, calendula, oat straw

1b) Dry Hair: Essential oils… Frankincense, palmarosa, sandalwood

2a) Greasy Hair: Herbs… Calendula, horsetail, lemon juice, lemon balm, lavender, mints, rosemary, southernwood, witch hazel, yarrow, elderflower

2b) Greasy Hair: Essential Oils… Bergamot, cedarwood, cypress, geranium, grapefruit, juniper, lemon, lime, petitgrain

3a) Normal Hair: Herbs… Rose, rosemary, thyme

3b) Normal hair: Essential Oils…  Cedarwood, lavender, orange, rosemary

4a) Dull hair: Herbs… Ginseng, horsetail, nettle, rosemary, sage

4b) Dull hair: Essential Oils… Melissa, rosemary

5a) Scalp Irritation: Herbs… Catmint (Leaves and flower tops), chamomile, comfrey

5b) Scalp Irritation: Essential Oils… Lavender, juniper, rose, tea tree

6a) Dandruff: Herbs… Burdock root, chamomile, garlic and onion bulbs (powerful but a pongy!) goosegrass, parsley, rosemary, southernwood, stinging nettle, thyme, elderflower,sage

6b) Dandruff: Essential Oils… Cedarwood, patchouli, rosemary, sage, tea tree

7a) To Dispel Lice: Herbs… An infusion of quassia chips, poke root, juniper berries, with a tablespoon of cider vinegar…to be applied at two week intervals

7b) To Dispel Lice: Essential Oils… Tea Tree


Soapwort Shampoo

This doesn’t make a lather, but remember the lather doesn’t equal cleansing power!

  • 2 tbsp (30 ml) finely chopped soapwort root or a handful of leaves and stems
  • 1 large handful of herb suitable for your hair type (see above list)
  • 1 pint of boiling water

Pour the boiling water over the soapwort and herb and infuse for 30 minutes.Strain and use when cool. This makes about half a cup (125 ml) and shold be enough for average length hair.

Don’t do what my aunti did, and strain the liquid down the sink! haha

Dry Shampoo


  • 2 tbsp (30 ml) Powdered orris root
  • 2 tbsp(30 ml) Powdered arrow root

Mix together. part hair in narrow regular bands and sprinkle the powder along each row. Leave for 10 minuets to absorb any grease and then brush out vigorously and thoroughly until your hair is shiny!


Aromatherapy Shampoo

  • 60 ml (2 fl oz) unscented natural shampoo
  • 60 ml (2 fl oz) spring water

Combine all the ingredients together in a clean bottle and shake well. Use within one week or if stored in the refrigerator use within one month.

For Normal Hair: 20 drops lavender essential oil and 10 drops rosemary essential oil

For Dry Hair: 20 drops sandalwood essential oil,10 drops palmarosa essential oil 1 tbsp vegetable glycerine

For Greasy hair: 20 drops cypress essential oil, 10 drops juniper essential oil, 1 tbsp apple cider vinegar

Herby Shampoo for Specific Coloured Hair

Dark Hair: 1tsp dried lavender1 tsp dried rosemaryhalf tsp whole cloves

Blonde Hair:1 tsp dried calendula1 tsp dried chammomile1 tsp chopped lemon peel

Red Hair:1 tsp dried hibiscus1 tsp dried calendulahalf tsp ground cinnamon

 

Main Ingredients:

  • 125 ml (4 fl oz) spring water2 tbsp unscented natural shampoo
  • Your selected herbs pertaining to your hair colour

Bring the water and herbs to a boil in a small covered pot. Remove from the heat and allow the mixture to steep for at least 30 minuets. Strain, and pour into a clean bottle. Add the unscented shampoo and shake well. Use within one week or if kept in the refrigerator use within one month.


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